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For a complete official copy of the memorandum decisions listed here, contact Division Two of the Arizona Court of Appeals directly.

CAUTION: Memorandum Decisions issued by Division Two of the Arizona Court of Appeals are governed by rules of the Arizona Supreme Court that provide: “Memorandum decisions shall not be regarded as precedent nor cited in any court except for (1) the purpose of establishing the defense of res judicata, collateral estoppel, or the law of the case, or (2) informing the appellate court of other memorandum decisions so that the court can decide whether to publish an opinion, grant a motion for reconsideration, or grant a petition for review. Any party citing a memorandum decision pursuant to this rule must attach a copy of it to the motion or petition in which such decision is cited.” Ariz. R. Civ. App. P. 28(c); see also Ariz. R. Crim. P. 31.24; Ariz. R. Supreme Ct. 111(c).

Division Two’s Memorandum Decisions will usually be posted to this web site on the next business day following the date on which they are filed with the Clerk of Division Two and distributed to the parties. Memorandum Decisions posted on this web site will be removed approximately one year following the date of their initial posting. Division Two provides its Memorandum Decisions to the public on this web site for information purposes only and does not authorize use or copying of its Memorandum Decisions for any commercial purpose. The posting of a Memorandum Decision on this web site does not constitute “publication” of the court’s decision in the case under the applicable rules of the Arizona Supreme Court, nor does posting make the Memorandum Decision one that establishes a precedent or one that may be cited in court for any purpose not expressly authorized by the rule language quoted above.

Later proceedings in other courts may affect the legal status of any Memorandum Decision. For example, a Memorandum Decision could be vacated or reversed in whole or in part by the Arizona Supreme Court or the United States Supreme Court. In addition, a Memorandum Decision might later be changed, in whole or in part, or might be vacated by Division Two pursuant to a motion for reconsideration filed in the case. Division Two does not undertake to note any such later actions or to amend or adjust its listing of posted Memorandum Decisions in light of such actions. The reader is cautioned to confirm independently the current legal status of any Memorandum Decision posted on this web site.
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